Arduino provides students, hobbyists, and organizations with a powerful platform to develop electronic projects and prototypes at a very low cost.
Linux is a great operating system for developing your own Arduino project, but first, you will need to install the Arduino IDE on your system. The Arduino IDE will help you write the code, run it and finally upload it to your Arduino board.
Why use Arduino?
Arduino is the perfect platform for getting started with robotics and electronics. It is widely used in schools and other organizations because it is easily accessible and affordable. You can use it to create a wide variety of projects ranging from small to complex.
Arduino is cross-platform and therefore easy to use no matter what platform you are using. It is supported on Unix, macOS, Linux, and Windows, while most competitors in microcontrollers are only supported on Windows.
Another great advantage is that Arduino is open source. Most people associate open source with software alone, but Arduino includes open source hardware and software. This allows contributions from a wide audience to make the platform even better.
Step 1: Download Arduino IDE Archive on Linux
You can get the latest version of the Arduino IDE from the file Arduino website. The Arduino IDE is available on all major operating systems and architectures including ARM and 32-bit architectures.
Download: Arduino IDE
The IDE comes in the form of a tar archive. Tar files are compressed archive files that are widely used for software distribution on Linux. They usually have the following file extensions: TAR.XZ and TAR.GZ.
Then extract the archived file with tar. Remember to replace the file name with the correct name in the command below:
tar xvf arduino-*.tar.xz
The files are extracted to the folder Arduino 1.8.19. The version number will be different depending on which version of the IDE you have downloaded.
Step 2: Install the Arduino IDE on Linux
To start the installation, go to the extracted folder, which will have a name similar to Arduino-xxxwith xxx being the version number. In this case, the name of the extracted folder is arduino-1.8.19.
turn on install.sh Script installation using the following command:
The script will install the IDE for you and will tell you when it is done.
Step 3: Configure the IDE and the device
After the installation is complete, you can connect the Arduino to a USB port on your computer.
Click on excellent key and search for “arduino” to launch the Arduino IDE from the GUI. Instead, just run the command Arduino at your station.
The first time you launch the IDE, you will get a permission checker dialog similar to the one shown below. Click on Add button to continue. This will add your user to the connection group, which enables you to upload the execution code to your Arduino device.
Alternatively, you can manually add the user to the request group using the command:
sudo usermod -aG dialout $USER
Log out of the device and the computer Then sign in again for the changes to take effect. Only the root user and members of the connection group can upload the code to the Arduino devices connected to your computer.
In your Arduino IDE, go to Tools > Harborand you will find the Arduino device listed under the file serial ports Label as shown below.
If it is still not listed, try reconnecting your Arduino.
Run your first program with the Arduino IDE
The Arduino IDE comes with some basic examples that have ready-to-run code. Click files > Examples > 01. Basics > eyelash. This will open up a basic code project to flash the light, which basically turns the light on the Arduino for a second and then turns it off and on again indefinitely.
As a good practice, you should check or compile your code before uploading it to your device. This way you will detect errors in the IDE. Click fee in the menu and then select Check / Compilationor simply press Ctrl + R.. If your code has been compiled successfully, you are ready to upload your code to your Arduino.
Click on fee Menu option again and select Download. You can also use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + U.
The TX and RX lights on the Arduino Microcontroller will flash while the IDE is loading the code. After that, the main light on the Arduino will start blinking according to the instructions given.
The Arduino IDE on Linux is great for beginners
With the Arduino IDE installed, you are ready to create awesome automation and automation projects. Arduino is a powerful platform with a large community of users and is relatively cheap to get started with.
To get the most out of your Arduino, start with small projects that don’t require a lot of equipment and move to more complex ones over time.
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